"Where are the paper bags"?" a 3 year old shouts immediately upon entering the room. I show where they are kept on the art cart and he brings a handful to the table. "Where are the eyes? We need eyes, lots of eyes"!" cries another, as I bring the wiggly eyes down from a higher shelf. Some things are purposefully out of reach of the youngest. When it comes to small items, for safety sake, I like to keep my own eye on their usage. While these same materials were used in previous puppet-making sessions, as loose parts they can be used in many ways.
"It's a smile, a green smile," laughs another child placing a piece of colored masking tape directly on the table underneath two pink eyes she'd chosen. She continues taping around her work, saying, "It's a bus. He's riding a bus." I chuckle at the little creature she's brought to life with only wiggly eyes, tape and her own inventiveness.
I try not to ask questions that might interrupt or define their creativity, but sometimes I am unable to contain myself. As one 4 year old confessed about his "potty-talk," "It just popped out."
"Are you making puppets?" "popped out" to a resounding "Yesssssss" from several of the children.
As paper bags and wiggly eyes have been recently added to our open-ended "staples" in the art cart, I notice the 2-3 year olds choosing them repeatedly. Having materials from favorite activities available and accessible to the children encourages extended focus, exploring, self-direction and independence.
With accessibility and choice, many children are taking greater risks in their puppet making. Previously, only eyes and perhaps a smile were represented by most of the children. Now, they are elaborating on their creations.
They often choose materials that build on their last experience. They also taste (sometimes quite literally) the materials brought to the table by other children. Besides the staples, offering new materials adds excitement. More children become interested in the process as different materials are introduced.
I watch another 3 year old deliberately choose and place his materials on a paper bag. The face itself was made from a piece of fabric that had been donated that morning by a parent. She was recycling her son's Rainbow Ghost Halloween costume, which included the striped sheet and wild, fake fur. Colored sticks became the catalyst for the "matching" stripes on his puppet's clothing.
It was delightful to witness the creativity shown by the child. This 3 year old had found a way to express himself uniquely. That's the beauty of open-ended materials. Who would have imagined creating both a smile and striped clothes using the colored sticks.
I've offered some of the same materials for decades and continue to be surprised by how each child uses them. As teachers, we provide the materials and assist as skills are being mastered. The children provide the endless creativity and imagination.
A 2 year old is mastering two skills, stringing beads and cutting sticky tape. Using the beads (also kept high), she made a necklace for her puppet and a shiny pipe cleaner. She then went back to the task of cutting the desired length of tape without tangling it. Children often take natural breaks and work on another part of their project. Those who persevere with neither breaks nor success have an opportunity to learn a new feeling for their emotional literacy vocabulary: frustration. This then becomes an opportunity for group learning, with the children volunteering what helps them when frustrated.
Having observed these young children stay focused on their puppets for almost an hour of joyful creating, I felt hopeful and optimistic about the state of our future world. I couldn't help but think of how this self-directed play could be added to their repertoire of peaceful expression in their lifetime of learning toolbox.
Your open-ended supplies, such as colored tape, wiggly eyes, feathers, string, yarn, oil pastels, paper, paper bags and markers can be supplemented with gathered and parent/community donated materials.
Families are very willing to bring in offerings for the children's art making. You may want to post or let parents know of your wish list. Beautiful wrapping paper, small cardboard boxes, packing foam, anything that does not dictate how it is to be used is a resource for the children's creativity.
We do not need to constantly change the loose parts, fearing the children will become bored. Their resourcefulness will utilize the same materials in many different ways. They have the capacity to expand their art-making as far as their imaginations will take them.
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